Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory facial condition that involves swelling of the blood vessels just under the skin, resulting in redness, swelling inflammation, and skin sores that look like they are acne. Fair-skinned women aged 30–50 are the most prevalent demographic to experience rosacea, but men who have rosacea tend to suffer from more severe symptoms. In extreme cases, chronic inflammation due to rosacea can cause permanent changes to the appearance and shape of the nose and cheeks called rhinophyma. We can treat this with electrodessication and curettage.
Rosacea sufferers often experience flushing and persistent facial redness. Small blood vessels may also become visible in some patients, and stinging, burning, swelling and roughness or scaling may occur. In addition to persistent redness, bumps (papules) and/or pimples (pustules) are common in many rosacea sufferers. Some patients may also experience raised red patches known as plaques.
Rosacea may be associated with enlargement of the nose from excess tissue, a condition known as rhinophyma. This may include thickening of the skin and irregular surface nodules, which in rare cases may also develop in areas other than the nose.
Rosacea affects the eyes in many patients, and may result in a watery or bloodshot appearance, irritation and burning or stinging. The eyelids may also become swollen, and styes are common.
Rosacea is a common skin condition. In the United States alone, millions have rosacea. People of all races and ages get rosacea. You have a greater likelihood of developing rosacea if you are:
Recent research suggests that rosacea tends to run in families. If you have blood relatives with rosacea or severe acne, you have a greater risk of getting rosacea.
Rosacea is physically harmless but can cause embarrassment and loss of self-esteem. At CDG, we recognize that while rosacea cannot be cured, it can be controlled with proper medical attention and treatments. Timely intervention is important to keep rosacea from worsening.
There are numerous topical and oral medications to help control rosacea. Occasionally, laser therapy can be used to improve the appearance of skin affected by rosacea.
- American Academy of Dermatology
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